Gleichwertigkeitsverfahren or Approbationsverfahren
With Berufserlaubnis (temporary medical license, which can only be received after a job offer in almost all states, except Bayern), non-EU Graduates are allowed to work temporarily till their Approbation (permanent medical license) is processed.
What is Approbation?
In order to be able to carry out a medical profession in Germany, one requires an Approbation (Permanent Medical Licence). The term Approbation comes from Latin and means approval.
How to apply for Gleichwertigkeitsverfahren or Approbationsverfahren?
In most of the states in Germany (like Bayern), you require a separate application for Approbation process. But in some states (like NRW), there is only one Application needed. Both, Berufserlaubnis and Approbation, are processed based on it.
The contacts and websites of responsible authorities are given in the following link, where you can find application forms, required documents, rules of the state etc.
At the time of Approbation Application, you’re asked if you want to…
- opt for a Gutachten process, to compare your medical education with German medical education
- or do you want to give a Gleichwertigkeitsprüfung/ Kenntnisseprüfung (Approbation-exam) to prove your medical knowledge
In some states, like NRW and Hessen, (according to Information from my friends) the Authorities are more strict for non-European graduates. And you have to directly opt for a Gleichwertigkeitsprüfung/ Kenntnisseprüfung. Gutachten is not allowed. In that case, you don’t require to submit a curriculum. But you have to be ready for a medical exam, called Gleichwertigkeitsprüfung.
What is Gutachten?
A review in which Qualifications/ degrees of non-EU graduate doctors are individually checked for equivalence with German qualifications or degrees. Such a Gutachten (review) will be based on the submitted documents including education curriculum and professional experience. (For more information about Curriculum check out this post)
What happens after Gutachten?
If the equivalence with the German training is given during Gutachten, the Approbation is granted. And no further medical equivalence exam (Kenntnisseprüfung) is required.
If your medical education is not equivalent to German medical education, then…
- very rarely, you are asked to take an adaptation course or you are asked for specific Internships/work experience; and if you submit completion certificate of it, you’re granted Approbation
- almost all of the times, you have to clear
an medicalknowledge examination ( Kenntnisseprüfung) for approval of Approbation
How much time does the Gutachten process take?
It is different in each state and totally variable from person to person.
After submitting the curriculum, I had to wait for almost 7 months (Bayern, 2018) and then I received Approbation without any further exam.
When is Kenntnisseprüfung required?
- If there are shortcomings in your education and your medical education is not equivalent to German medical education; a medical knowledge examination ( Kenntnisseprüfung) must be cleared by the applicant.
- If you don’t want to opt for Gutachten, as it takes much more time, then you can directly apply for the Kenntnisseprüfung.
In most of the states, as I heard, maximum 3 attempts of Kenntnisseprüfung is allowed. You should inquire with the responsible Authorities.
Upon clearing the Kenntnisseprüfung, Approbation will be granted to you.
What should be done? Should you opt for Gutachten or directly give an examination? What would be my suggestion?
I would recommend you to try for gutachten process. Some of my friends ad I have received positive answers after Gutachten, and we have received Approbation without Gleichwertigkeitsprüfung / Kenntnisseprüfung. Some of us are medical graduates from India too. If there is a chance, why not take it? Otherwise anyways you have to give exam, if you opt for direct exam without any Gutachten process. And the same will happen if you get negative answer in Gutachten-process, but at least you will not regret at any point for not trying for it.
For All Information about medical post graduation in Germany. Look at the following link.
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