The immigration of physicians from other nations to Germany
In 2007, a regular study by the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians and the German Medical Association on the Development of the German Health Care System (ERK) already described a lack of doctors in the Federal Republic of Germany. The figures published in the summer of 2010 show that this shortage of doctors will increase in the coming years. Due to the increasing life expectancy and higher treatment requirements, a replacement requirement of more than 35,000 physicians in the next five years or more than 70,000 physicians in the next ten years is to be expected.
The immigration of physicians from other nations has been quite high for some years, especially from Austria, Greece and the Eastern European countries. Thus, the number of working Eastern European physicians since 2001 has doubled. The number of Austrian physicians has increased fivefold since 1995. Especially in the new federal states, physicians from abroad are working.
Physicians with degrees from other countries, as well as physicians trained in Germany, require a license to practice (Approbation) or at least a work permit (Berufserlaubnis – the work permit is only valid for a certain period of time and for a specific region/state). In addition, physicians who have completed their training as specialists for a particular area of specialization also require recognition of their foreign continuing medical education.
— taken and translated from Humanmedizin in Deutschland: Ausbildung und Berufstätigkeit; ”Anerkennung und Berufszugang für Ärzte und Fachärzte mit ausländischen Qualifikationen in Deutschland” by Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge (BAMF)
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